The Keogh Review: a new benchmark

Kicking off our aesthetic regulations special report, Mr Rajiv Grover looks at some of the recommendations subsequently made in aesthetic medicine after the 2013 Keogh Review, and what they mean for surgical standards in the UK

Sugar and the skin

Dr Beth Briden summarises the effects of glycation on the skin, and how antioxidants such as gluconolactone, lactobionic acid and maltobionic acid can help fight the negative effects of advanced glycation end products


Excessive grinding and clenching of teeth, otherwise known as bruxism, can lead to tooth wear, jaw disorders,headaches and hypertrophy of the muscles of mastication. Professor Bob Khanna discusses his preferred treatment approach, using a combination of botulinum toxin and occlusal therapy

Depression and expression

Can we improve our mood by smiling more or frowning less? Dr Raj Persaud surveys the latest research into the use of botulinum toxin to treat depression