Artificial hair implants
The Medicap biocompatible artificial hair implant offers an alternative or complement to other treatments. Dr Manal Sheta explains the product and the procedure
Many types of artificial hair implant began to be developed in the 1970s as a quick solution for the coverage of the baldness. However many were banned due to patient discomfort, scarring and the low success rate. This was mainly due to the type of the materials used for the fibres, which were rejected by the body. Also the lack of medical regulation played a part.
In 1983 Medicap began development of a biocompatible fibre called Biofibre, made from the same material with which we suture wounds—a polyamide. This is not harmful for human body and it produces a keratin plug that prevents microbial agents from penetrating. These fibres meet all the biocompatibility and safety requirements established by international standards on the medical devices, and the body will not reject the material of the fibre.
Biofibre is aesthetically identical to the natural hair, it does not lose its colour and does not die with aggressive products.
Medicap creates several lengths, colours and shapes from 15, 30 or 45 centimetres; available in straight, wavy or curly. It can be washed and dried like natural hair and is available as single hair or triple high density.
The Biofibre hair implant procedure is not in competition with any other hair restoration technique, but it is a good alternative or complementary treatment for the patient.
It is suitable for patients with a healthy scalp but with a poor donor area. It is also ideal for patients who cannot shave their head or who cannot wait for a shaved head to regrow after the FUE or FUT medical transplant, where immediate results are required. It can also be used if needed to increase the volume of a patients hair following normal hair implant procedures.
The instrument used for the implant is the automatic implant machine or the manual implanter. We take the knot by the tip of the needle and then implant into the scalp at 45 degrees.
Using the Biofibre implants offers high hair density within a very short time, with natural aesthetic results and the related psychological and physical wellness for the patient. The implant is a simple and virtually painless outpatient procedure, which it is safe for the patient because it uses biocompatible material.
The use of this product allows the patient to lead an active lifestyle even soon after the implant procedure. The artificial hair also will not age—it will not turn whiter.
One disadvantage of this technique is that it requires patients to have suitable hygiene of the scalp and aftercare, so we have to choose appropriate patients. The treatment is not recommended for patients suffering from scalp diseases or infections, like psoriasis, certain types of dermatitis and some autoimmune diseases like lupus. Additionally small yearly implant sessions are needed to maintain the results.
Immediate post-implant care requires the use of betadine and saline spray by the patient alternatively for three days and to wash using ketoconazole shampoo. Antibiotics systemic coverage is recommended for one week after implant and a laser hair comb is useful to maintain a healthy scalp.
Dr Manal Sheta is an Egyptian Cosmetic and Dermatological Physician specialising in hair restoration and aesthetic laser surgeries. She is the owner of Al-Mansour Hospital in Kuwait city, and trains physicians on the Biofibre hair implant and surgical threads